EME232 HF Active Whip Antenna

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EME232 HF Active Whip Description:

The HF Active Whip Antenna has been designed to be easy to construct and install, and covers a wide frequency range from 100kHz to 80MHz. It is particularly useful for those that have antenna restrictions or limited space to install a full size receive only antenna, and can be used in antenna arrays for noise cancellation or beam forming. The design incorporates static and lightning protection, and has a broadband 50ohm output ( 75ohm optional ) output impedance suitable for driving most receivers. A J310 FET is used as the active device, and along with a complementary push pull output buffer producing high output second and third order figures reducing the possibility of inter modulation on the received signals. The design incorporates power supply decoupling so that power can be fed to the Active circuit via the coaxial cable.

The recommended Antenna is a 1.2 metre long stainless steel VHF whip antenna mounted onto a truck mirror mount. and but anything from 1 to 1.5 metres long is suitable including most telescopic car radio antennas. The Antenna is physically short for the low frequency HF bands, and will appear as a small 22pF capacitor to ground on the active input circuit. Antennas longer than around 1.8 metres, may increase the possibility of strong signals overloading the active circuit causing inter modulation. The active circuit and whip antenna is mounted onto a 2 metre long 1 inch 25.4mm diameter square or round aluminium tube. The active circuit can then be easily mounted onto the same tube, and then short connection wires are connected from the antenna to the active circuit. At least 3 ground radials 3 metres long each are laid along the ground for the best performance.

Testing indicated that receive signals below 10MHz may require an 10dB gain amplifier on the receiver input to increase signals to a more comfortable level due to the short antenna length. Some modern receivers incorporate preamplifiers that can simply be switched on, on the lower bands.

In very strong AM broadcast areas, some lower quality receivers without good filtering may suffer from inter modulation from strong signal overload. A suitable 1.8MHz high pass filter should be fitted at the receiver input to reduce broadcast band signal levels.

Kit Constructors Alert:

1/ There are no current changes for this product.

Construction Notes:

The images below show both sides of the board. The construction is quite easy due to the use of larger SMD components and only one transformer that needs to the wound. Click the pictures for a more detailed view.

EME232 Module Top View
Top view of the EME232 Active Module
EME232 Module Bottom View
Bottom View of the EME232 Active Module

EME232 Active Circuit Tests:

Response 0.1 to 30MHz
Frequency response 0.1 to 3MHz, 10dB attenuator fitted
EME232 S22 Return Loss
S22 Output Return Loss 0 to 100MHz
EME232 OpIP2
3MHz OpIP2 -89dBm with 0dBm input two tone 8 and 11MHz
EME232 OpIP3
5MHz OpIP3 with 0dBm input two tone 8 and 11MHz This equates to an OpIP3 of +39dBm

Antenna and Enclosure Mounting:

1/5/20 We are no longer able to supply the Aeropro AP90 or AP122 antennas as they are no longer being manufactured. It is suggested that standard grey 20mm electrical conduit is used with end caps to make a housing to support a wire antenna. Many of the required products can be purchased at a Bunnings store. For electrical conduit use DETA 20mm medium duty rigid conduit part number 4330846. DETA brand 20mm conduit mounting clips part # 4330822 can be used to mount the conduit against a suitable mast. Unfortunately Bunnings do not stock end caps, but you could possibly use 20mm chair caps part # 4050158. Alternatively silicone can be used to seal the ends of the conduit. Only thin wire is required for the antenna element, but it is suggested to use something like building wire as it can then be easily straightened.

DETA 20mm Medium duty rigid conduit
DETA 20mm conduit mounting clips

This refers to using the AP90 Antenna which is no longer available from Aeropro. The recommended Antenna is a 1.2 metre long Aerpro AP122 Universal Truck side mount antenna, that can easily be mounted onto 2 Metre long x 25mm diameter aluminium pole. The pole is driven into the ground by around 50cm leaving a length of 1.5 metres above ground. Two 3mm holes are carefully drilled through the aluminium tube at a spacing of 135mm between the holes. The holes on one side of the tube are then drilled out using larger drill bits, and finally a 12.5mm side drill bit to suit the antennas black plastic insulator diameter. Some filing may be required to fit the insulators through the holes. The bottom insulator has a wing nut and threaded bolt that needs to be removed, as inside the insulator is a spring that is not required so has to be removed so that it does not short the antenna to the aluminium mounting pole. Next fit the top insulator onto the pole using the standard screw supplied. Next fit the bottom insulator, and then slide the antenna through the two insulators and attach the antenna to the bottom insulator with the screw. Attach the GME enclosure to the pole between the two insulators using the supplied cable tie. Fit the two supplied cables for the antenna and ground connections as shown in the pictures.

Front view of the board mounted inside the GME Masthead Enclosure
Drilling the holes
Drilling of the pole to suit the AP90 Antenna
Spring Removal
Discard the spring inside the bottom plastic insulator
Bottom Insulator Mounting
Bottom Insulator Mounting
Completed Antenna Mounting
Antenna mounted to the pole
Active circuit mounting
Mounting the Active Circuit to the pole
Ground wire connection
Connecting the ground cable wire
Antenna wire connection
Connecting the Antenna Cable wire

Changes and Modifications:

1/ There are no changes to this product.