EME72B 23CM TRANSVERTER KIT ( PRE 2013 )

EME72B 23cm Transverter Kit

Basic EME72B Transverter Kit

PLEASE NOTE: That this Product has been discontinued

 

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Description:

The Mini-Kits EME72B is a very popular Transverter design for the 23cm band, and hundreds have been sold since the first version back in 2008. The Kit was easy to construct, and minimal was tuning is only required due to the wide 20MHz BW helical filters. A number of Kits including a 576MHz local oscillator and sequencer etc are required to make a complete Transverter

Kit Constructors Alert:

1/ This applies to all Kits sold after October 2010. Due to the Mitsubishi MGF1302 no longer being manufactured we have decided to change the device to a more modern PHEMT device that are mass produced. Kits late September 2010 onwards were being supplied with the NEC NE3210S01 HJ FET and some minor changes have been made to the active bias circuit. The 150ohm resistor has changed to a 220ohm, and the 2k7 resistor has changed to a 1.2k. No other changes are needed and performance is the same. No attempt has been made to retune the input circuit for a better noise figure.

EME72 Construction Notes:

A number of changes have been made to this Kit due to some components becoming obsolete over time. If you are constructing this Kit after September 2010, then please refer to the modifications section below for changes that have been made before construction.

 

EME72B Top View

The above image shows how the components are soldered to the EME72B board. A 25mm wide Tinplate strip is soldered around the board to make it easy to mount the SMA09 connectors. The 4 x mounting lugs on the SMA09 connectors are broken off with a pair of pliars, and then the backs are filed flat and soldered to the Tinplate box.

EME72B Top View

The above image shows how the components are soldered to the bottom side of the board.

EME72B Tests:

EME72 Gain and NF
EME72 TX Output Spectrum

What other Components are required:

A number of Kits and Components are required to construct a complete transverter. The 23cm Transverter Block Diagram outlines the Kits required to construct a complete Transverter.

For the 576MHz Local Oscillator, the EME175 Kit can be used. The EME177 Heater Kit is high recommended when used with the 60 degree C Crystals from Mini-Kits For more information on the EME175 oscillator, and EME177 Heater Kits please see the EME175 Kit web page.

For sequencing and switching of the RF and power supply voltages the EME166 Sequencer Kit is highly recommended.

For Antenna switching, the EME144 Relay Kit is ideal, and will handle at least 20Watts of RF at 1200MHz.

For a Power Amplifier the Mitsubishi RA18H1213G Kit can be used that will produce up to 18Watts output on 1200MHz.

 

Enclosure Mounting:

The prototype Transverter below uses 2 x Hammond 1444-12 Aluminium Chassis enclosures ( 178x127x51mm ) which were bolted together. The construction is very time consuming due to the small size of the enclosures, and larger enclosures are recommended for inexperienced constructors. The front panel was cut from 1mm Aluminium sheet, and a white plastic Avery label was printed on a laser printer and stuck onto the panel. The heat sink is a P4 Pentium which was surplus from an old PC. The heat sink however should have a fan if the transverter is to be operated on modes like FM.

Mounting the PA module at right angles to the PA board is not recommended as the RF grounding between the rear of the module and the PC board is critical on 1200MHz. Some initial problems with oscillation from the PA module were found due to the large distance between the outer of the coaxial cable where it terminates, and the actual modules RF ground. Re routing the coaxial cables to various positions in the enclosure fixed the problem but a spectrum analyser is required to test for the oscillation. It is highly recommended that the PA module and PC board are mounted flat inside a RF tight enclosure, and bolted to a heatsink.

Please Note: The EME162-1200MHz 1Watt driver amplifier is not shown in the above picture and is required to drive the 20Watt Mitsubishi RA18H1213G amplifier to 20Watts or more.

Download a complete list of parts in Excel format to work out what you require and email us your list when ordering. The list includes most parts that are shown in the above picture excluding the boxes.

 

eme72-trv front panel

Front panel view of a prototype EME72 23cm Transverter

eme72-trv rear panel

Rear panel view of a prototype EME72 23cm Transverter

eme72-trv bottom view

Bottom view showing the EME66 Sequencer, RA18H1213G amplifier, and EME144 Relay Kits.

eme72-trv top view

Top view showing the EME72B Transverter board, and the EME65B Local oscillator.

Kit Changes and Modifications

EME72B KIT

1/This applies to all Kits sold before October 2010. Due to the Mitsubishi MGF1302 no longer being manufactured we have decided to change the device to a more modern PHEMT device that are mass produced. Kits late September onwards are now being supplied with the NEC NE3210S01 HJ FET and some minor changes have been made to the active bias circuit. The 150ohm resistor has changed to a 220ohm, and the 2k7 resistor has changed to a 1.2k. No other changes are needed and performance is the same. No attempt has been made to retune the input circuit for a better noise figure.

2/ This applies to all Kits using the NE3210S01. Please note that the input inductor hoop L1 used in early Kits has now been changed to a 3.5 turn coil. This provides a better match the input of the HEMT and lowers the noise figure.

EME72E

Fitting of the input inductor L1 for a NE3210S01

EME72F

L1 changed in later Kits to 3.5 turns of 0.315mm ECW on a 2.5mm drill bit spaced 1.5 turns.

EME72DMicrowave absorb material fitted for instability issue.

3/ This applies to all Kits between January and June 2008. A number of constructors have reported that the voltages around the MGF1302 GasFET have been incorrect. Some have found the BC857 transistor to be faulty. We have in fact found that the complete batch of BC857 Transistors supplied to us in December were in fact 6.2 volt Zener diodes. The Transistor should have a 3H marking on the case. Please email us if you have the problem and we will post a replacement BC857 transistor to you.

4/ Instability of the MGF1302 or receiver taking off. This is due to a problem on the Local Oscillator input to the ERA3 Amplifier. A small square piece of ferrite absorb can be placed on the circuit board between the preamplifier section and the ERA3 multiplier shown in the image above. You might find some ferrite absorbmaterial in an old 12GHz Satellite LNB. I think its a 50ohm mismatch problem but these are difficult problems to fix.

5/ A number of constructors have had to replace the ADE11X mixer. I am still unsure if it is due to manufacturing problems or if it has been overheated when it is soldered to the board. Symptoms are low TX output and low gain receiver. Driving the Mixer with excessive 144MHz power can also damage it.

6/ The TX output from the EME72 is not really enough to drive a RA18H1213G module to full power, ( 20 Watts ). Recent tests on the RA18H1213G modules gain has been around 23dB, where as earlier batches we were getting 27dB, but I am unsure if Mitsubishi has changed the modules internally. Along with this the EME72 has lost some gain in current transverters which may be due to extra losses in the mixer and gain stages that only allows around +10dBm output compared to around +13dBm on older Kits. So total loss could be around 7dB with current Kits. A 0.5 Watt driver Kit EME162 is available from Mini-Kits to drive the RA module to full output power.

7/ The EME72 23cm Transverter can be used for FM repeater operation with the addtion of an extra EME65 / EME175 local oscillator and two new crystals. Please refer to the 23cm Repeater Block Diagram

The crystals chosen give a 20MHz split and cover the following ranges with a 144 to 148MHz I/F.

EME65 LO1. 95.750MHz crystal x2 x3 = 574.500MHz x2 = 1149MHz mix with 144-148MHz = 1293 to 1297MHz

EME65 LO2. 94.08333MHz crystal x2 x3 = 564.500MHz x2 = 1129MHz mix with 144-148MHz = 1273 to 1277MHz

This allows for coverage of the 1296MHz SSB segment plus the 1273/1293 MHz Repeater segment.

 

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