EME209 HF Low Pass Filter Kits

eme209-Stacked-Modules
Stacked EME209 Low Pass Filter Modules

Please Note: that all information including pictures on this web page are copyright to Mini-Kits and must not be used on any other web site, or reproduced in any publication.

EME209 Description:

The Mini-Kits EME209 Low Pass Filter modules are part of the M1 series building blocks to construct a high performance M1 HF Transceiver. The filters have been designed to be able to be used on the output of 100 Watt amplifiers, and cover all the 160M to 6M bands excluding the 30M band. The PC Board has been designed to fit two separate relay switched low pass filters so that a number of bands can be covered with each module board. This allows constructors to just purchase the filters for the bands that they want to transmit on, and the boards are also stack able which saves space. The rejection up to 50MHz is greater than 50dB, and decreases to 30dB at 100MHz which is probably due to capacitance when stacking the module boards.

The LPF-4M1-7M3 band module has a 4.1MHz low pass filter for the 80M band, and also a 7.3MHz low pass filter to suit the 40M band. The LPF-19M-30M band module has a 19MHz low pass filter for the 20M/17M bands, and also a 30MHz low pass filter to suit the 15M/12M/10M bands. The LPF-2M-54M band module has a 2MHz low pass filter for the 160M band, and also a 54MHz low pass filter to suit the 6M band. The basic filter designs are 5 or 7th order Elliptical designs, and have been optimized using the Elsie Filter software and tested using a DG8SAQ vector network analyzer. The filters input and output impedance have been matched for 50ohms, and have low RF loss in the filter pass band for low heat dissipation when used with 100 Watts CW. See the M1 Transceiver Block diagram for the connections to this module.

The Filters for each band are selectable via a single 16 Pin IDC header, that requires +ve logic to select the filter for the selected band. Band links on the top and bottom of the board allow easy configuration of the two filters on each module being used, for assignment to the required logic band. When the logic control to the filter is turned off, the relays isolate the filter from the RF signal path by grounding it. These filters are easy to construct, and require minimal alignment if constructed as per the Kit notes.

The M1 HF Series Kits have been designed to allow easy construction due to the use of mainly leaded components for those that don't like surface mount devices. Larger 1206 size SMD components are used for the filters as they are more easily obtainable in high voltage NPO type. RF modules are all designed with a 50ohm impedance making it easy to interconnect with the other M1 series modules, and your own home brew circuit designs.

Kit Constructors Alert:

1/ There are no current alerts.

EME209 Kit Construction Notes:

The images below show both sides of the board. The module uses a number of SMD capacitor that could not be avoided as it makes the module more compact and offers better performance. The capacitors used for the filters are all 630v NPO 1206 size SMD types for low loss and for RF power handling. The inductors for each filter need to be wound with the correct number of turns as per the Kit construction notes to work correctly. There is some minor issues when stacking modules that increases the capacitance on the RF input and output connections to ground, and this can affect the return loss above 100MHz with the 54MHz LPF. It appears that the modules can be stacked in any order without any issues with coupling of the toroids between filters that could affect the filters response.

1/ The module that is used in the middle of the stacked modules is called the first filter module and has SMA connectors and a right angle 16 way header connector for the logic control fitted. SMA connectors, and the 16 way header are not used on additional stacked filter modules so don't fit them.

2/ M3x12mm nylon spacers are used to stack the module boards. There has been no measured difference with RF losses or impedance mismatch when nylon spacer are used to save cost.

3/ The modules extended headers will require and extra header stacked when using the longer 18mm nylon spacers. The pins on the extra stacked headers will need shortening by cutting around 2mm from the pins so that when stacked are then flush.

eme209-1A Top View
Top View of a 80/40M Band first filter module fitted with SMA connectors and 16 way header.
eme209-2A Bottom View
Bottom View of the EME209 KIT showing the 1206 size SMD capacitors that are mainly used for the filters.
eme209-Stacked View
Shows the 3 filter modules stacked using extended headers and nylon spacers to cover the 160M to 6M Bands
eme209-Stacked View 2
The modules are stacked using 18mm nylon spacers. The extended 8x1 headers pin length will need some cutting so that the headers stack neatly
7.3MHz LPF Toroids
Another view showing the 3 stacked modules
80 and 40M Band LPF
The above picture shows how diodes are fitted on the LPF-19M-30M module to select the 15 to 10M bands for filter 1
4.1MHz LPF Toroids
The above picture shows how diodes are fitted on the LPF-19M-30M module to select the 20 and 17M bands for filter 2

LPF-4M1-7M3 Kit Notes:

The LPF-4M1-7M3 contains two low pass filters to suit both the 80M, and 40M bands. The 80M band filter rolls off at around 4.1MHz, and the 40M band filter has a 7.5MHz roll off. These filters have been designed to be used on the output of 100 Watt amplifiers, and use low loss 630v NPO ceramic capacitors and wire wound high Q inductors to reduce RF losses.

BUY THIS PRODUCT

80 and 40M Band LPF
The above picture shows the 4.1MHz and 7.3MHz low pass filter module for the 80 and 40 Meter bands.
4.1MHz LPF Toroids
The above picture shows the windings on the T68-2 Toroids for the 4.1MHz Low pass filter module.
7.3MHz LPF Toroids
The above picture shows the windings on the T50-6 Toroids for the 7.3MHz Low pass filter module.
4m1-S11-Plot
The above plot shows the s21 through loss and S11 return loss of the 4.1MHz Low pass filter for the 80 Meter Band.
7M3-S11-Plot
The above plot shows the s21 through loss and S11 return loss of the 7.3MHz Low pass filter for the 40 Meter Band.

LPF-19M-30M Kit Notes:

The LPF-19M-30M contains two low pass filters to suit both the 20/17M, and 15/12/10M bands. The 20/17M band filter rolls off at around 19MHz, and the 15/12/10M band filter has a 30MHz roll off. These filters have been designed to be used on the output of 100 Watt amplifiers, and use low loss 630v NPO ceramic capacitors and wire wound high Q inductors to reduce RF losses.

BUY THIS PRODUCT

LPF-19M-30M-1
The above picture shows the 19MHz and 30MHz low pass filter module for the 20/17 and 15 to 10 Meter bands.
30MHz LPF Toroids
The above picture shows the windings on the T50-10 Toroids for the 30MHz Low pass filter module.
19MHz LPF Toroids
The above picture shows the windings on the T50-10 Toroids for the 19MHz Low pass filter module.
19M-S11-Plot
The above plot shows the s21 through loss and S11 return loss of the 19MHz Low pass filter for the 20/17 Meter Bands.
30M-S11-Plot
The above plot shows the s21 through loss and S11 return loss of the 30MHz Low pass filter for the 15 to 10 Meter Bands.

LPF-2M-54M Kit Notes:

The LPF-2M-54M contains two low pass filters to suit both the 160M, and 6M bands. The filters are a combination of Chebychev and Cauer ( Elliptical ) design, which are tuned to reduce the second harmonics to a lower level compared to conventional designs. 160 Meter band filter is a 2MHz 7th order Chebychev rolls off at around 2MHz, and has a tuned notch at 4MHz. The 6 Meter band filter is a 5th order Chebychev with a 54MHz roll off, and has a tuned notch near 100MHz. The 160M Band filter has been designed for 100 Watts, and the 6M Band filter is probably OK to 50 Watts maximum. Both filters use low loss 630v NPO ceramic capacitors and wire wound high Q inductors to reduce RF losses.

BUY THIS PRODUCT

160M/6M Band LPF
The above picture shows the 2MHz and 54MHz low pass filter module for the 160 and 6Meter bands.
54MHz LPF Coils
Fitting of the 6M Band inductors L4 and L5
2MHz LPF Toroids
The picture shows the spacings on the T50-1 toroids for the 2MHz Low Pass filter
2M-S21-Plot
The above plot shows the s21 through loss and S11 return loss of the 2MHz Low pass filter for the 160 Meter Band.
54M-S11-Plot
The above plot shows the s21 through loss and S11 return loss of the 54MHz Low pass filter for the 6 Meter Band.

Changes and Modifications:

1/ There are currently no issues with these Kits.